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1. , , 15.5, 14 -11 (: ). . , , " 15992-12-14 (' ' -) ( ), "-1991. (" 14752-03-15, ' ' ' , ' ' ).

 

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, . . ( " 672/06 ' , 11 (15.1.2006), : ). , ( " 7206/93 ' , " (2) 241, 251 (1997), : ; " : ( ) "-1991, ?" 421 (2004); Re T. (Abduction: Child's Objections to Return) [2000] 2 F.L.R. 192 ( )).

 

( " 3052/99 ' , 6 (01.06.1999), : ; JR v SIR [2007] NICA 50 [2008] N.I. 252 ( )). ( " 5532/93 ' , " (3) 282, 296 (1995)). , ( , 250). . , . , , .

 

13 , 13() -13(), . 13 , , "" . . , 13() , . " ", " ". . . , , . , , . , , ( 13 , ; "" 13 X v Y and Z Police Force [2012] EWHC 2838 (Fam)), 56).

 

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. . ( " 6056/93 ' , " (4) 197, 202 (1997) (: )). , . ' - (Elisa Pèrez Vera) , :

 

"In addition, the Convention also provides that the child's views concerning the essential question of its return or retention may be conclusive, provided it has, according to the competent authorities, attained an age and degree of maturity sufficient for its views to be taken into account. In this way, the Convention gives children the possibility of interpreting their own interests. Of course, this provision could prove dangerous if it were applied by means of the direct questioning of young people who may admittedly have a clear grasp of the situation but who may also suffer serious psychological harm if they think they are being forced to choose between two parents. However, such a provision is absolutely necessary given the fact that the Convention applies, ratione personae, to all children under the age of sixteen; the fact must be acknowledged that it would be very difficult to accept that a child of, for example, fifteen years of age, should be returned against its will. Moreover, as regards this particular point, all efforts to agree on a minimum age at which the views of the child could be taken into account failed, since all the ages suggested seemed artificial, even arbitrary. It seemed best to leave the application of this clause to the discretion of the competent authorities" ( 30 " ).

 

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5. , 15.5, 14 -11 . , . . -11 . , ( . B. v. K. (Child Abduction) [1993] 1 FCR 382, [1993] Fam Law 17; , X v Y and Z Police Force [2012] EWHC 2838 (Fam) , State Central Authority v Hotzner (No 2) [2010] FamCa 1041).

 

. . , , . . . , . . . , " " ("undue influence". Robinson v. Robinson, 983 F. Supp. 1339 (D. Colo. 1997). JR v SIR [2007] NICA 50 [2008] N.I. 252 ; , 203-202).

 

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. 15028080_Z02.doc

, ' 077-2703333 ; , www.court.gov.il

 

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